About Coronavirus


What is corona virus ?

Corona viruses are a Big family of viruses which may Reason illness
in humans or animals. In humans, various corona viruses are known to cause respiratory infections problems ranging from the generic cold to more serious diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently
explore corona virus causes corona virus disease COVID-19.B

About Coronavirus

COVID-19 is a type of contagious disease that has been recently discovered. It was a new virus and an unknown disease before its outbreak began in Wuhan, China in December 2019.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19 ?

The Mostly natural and common symptoms/indications of COVID-19 are tiredness, dry cough, and fever. Some patients may have pain and problems like nasal pain, runny nose, sore throat, or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin slowly. Some people become infected but do not let any symptoms develop. Do not feel Unhealthy. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without any other special treatment. Senior citizens, with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, may be at greater risk of having serious problems such as heart problems or diabetes. People with cough, fever, and difficulty breathing need more care.

How does COVID-19 spread

People can have COVID-19 from someone else who has the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small germs protruding from the nose or mouth when a person suffering from COVID-19 coughs or exhales At that time, these germs fall on objects and surfaces around the person. Then others get infected by touching these objects or surfaces COVID-19. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from the person who is sick.

Can the virus that causes COVID-19 be transmitted through the air?

Studies to date suggest causes that virus  COVID-19 is mainly transmitted via contact with respiratory droplets rather than through the air. See the previous question on “How does COVID-19 spread?

Can CoVID-19 be caught from a person who has no symptoms?

The main Reason of spreads disease is Via respiratory droplets
expelled through someone who is coughing. The risk of getting COVID-19 virus
from someone with no sign at all is very low of this disease. However, many
people with COVID-19 experience only a few symptoms. This is
Mainly true in the before stages of the disease. It is, therefore,
possible to catch COVID-19 from someone else who has, for example, just
a few coughs and does not feel ill.

Can I catch COVID-19 from the feces of someone with the disease?

The risk of Getting COVID-19 by the feces of an infected person
appears below. While initial investigations suggest the virus may
be existent in feces in some cases, spread Via this route is not a main feature of the outbreak. The ongoing research on the ways
COVID-19 disease is spread and will keep continuing to share new Test results. Because
this is a risk, however, it is another major reason to wash hands every time,
after using the bathroom and before eating.

What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of disease

Protection measures for everyone

Stay alert of the Current information about the COVID-19 outbreak,
available on the state, national, and local public health authorities. lots of countries around the world have seen many cases of COVID-19 and several
have seen the outbreak. Authorities of China and some other countries
have got success in slowing or stopping their outbreaks of COVID-19. However, the
situation is unpredictable so always check for the up to date news.

You can decrease your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-
19 virus by taking some easy and simple precautions:

  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or wash them carefully with soap and water Why Washing your hands with soap and water in a proper manner. you can also use alcohol mix sanitizer based hand rub kills the COVID-19 viruses that can be on your hands.
  • make at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and
    another person who is coughing or sneezing.
    Why? When anyone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid
    droplets of germs from their nose or mouth which may contain the virus. If you
    are too close to them, you can inhale in the droplets, including the
    COVID-19 if any buddy coughing has the disease.
  • 100% Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth.
    Why? Hands touch so many things, surface, and can pick up viruses.
    Once contaminated, hands can shift the virus to your eyes,
    nose, or mouth with another place also. From there, the COVID-19 virus maybe enters your body and can make you sick and infected too.
  • Make sure you, and the other people near you, follow good
    respiratory hygiene and clean your place carefully. This means covering your mouth and nose
    with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze.you can also use face mask whenever you go outside. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
    Why? Droplets spread the virus. through all these following good respiratory
    hygiene you can protect the people around you from viruses such as
    cold, fever, and COVID-19.
  • Stay home(don’t go outside ) if you feel unhealthy. If you have a fever, cough, and
    difficulty in breathing, look or demand medical attention, and call in advance.
    Follow these directions carefully of your local health authority.
    Why? local and national authorities will have the most latest information on the situation in your local area. Calling in advance will
    allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right and nearest health care facility. This will also protect you and help stop the spread
    of viruses and other infections at the same time.
  • Keep up to date on the latest information on the COVID-19 hotspots ( local
    areas or cities where COVID-19 is spreading widely). If possible, then please avoid
    traveling to any place – especially if you are an old age person or
    suffering from heart disease, diabetes, or lung disease.
    Why? You have a higher possibility of getting COVID-19 in one of
    these areas around you.
Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading
  • Follow the instructions outlined above (Protection measures for
  • stay at home for self-isolation if you begin to feel unhealthy, even
    with some symptoms such as the low-grade fever (37.3 C
    or above)slight runny nose, and, headache until you recover. If it is
    essential for you to have another person bring you supplies or to go
    Outside of the home, e.g. to buy food, then cover your face or mouth by mask or cloth to avoid infecting other people or getting an infection from other people.
    Why? Avoiding contact with other people and visits to medical facilities
    will allow these all facilities to operate more effectively and help
    protect you and others from possible COVID-19 virus and other
  • If you develop a cough, difficulty in breathing and fever seek medical advice immediately as this may be because of a infection or other critical conditions. Call in advance and inform your
    health care provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers.
    Why? Calling in advance will allow your the health care provider to
    Fast and quickly direct you to the right health facility and services. This will also help to stop the possible spread of COVID-19 virus and other viruses.respiratory

How likely am I to catch COVID-19?

The risk depends on where you are staying – and more specifically, whether there is a COVID-19 virus outbreak unfolding there.

For most of the public in most places, the chance of getting the COVID-19 virus is still low. However, there are now places in the world (areas or cities) where the disease is spreading. For the public or visiting or living in these areas the chances of getting infected from the COVID-19 virus are higher. Governments and health authorities and organizations are taking so many actions every day to find a new case of COVID-19 is identified. Be sure to comply with any local person the restrictions on large gatherings, travel, or movement. Cooperating with disease control efforts will decrease your possibilities of getting or spreading COVID-19 virus.

COVID-19 virus outbreaks It is possible contained and transmission stopped, as has been shown in some other countries and China. disastrously, new outbreaks can emerge expeditiously. It’s necessary to be spread awareness of the conditions where you are or intend to go.

Should I worry about COVID-19?

Illness due to COVID-19 virus infection is normally mild, especially for children and young adults boys and girls. However, it can cause serious and critical illness: about 1 in every 5 people who infected it needs hospital care. It is therefore quite normal for the public to worry about how the COVID-19 virus outbreak will affect them and their all loved ones and nearby people.

We can channel our concerns into actions to save ourselves and others, our all loved ones, and our communities and organizations. First and foremost among these activities are regular and thorough hand-washing and good respiratory hygiene and clean. Secondly, keep up-to-date and follow the advice of the local health authorities and organizations including any restrictions put in, movement and gatherings, place on travel.

Who is at risk of developing severe illness

While we are still learning about how COVID-2019 virus affects the public, Old age persons and young persons with pre-existing medical conditions and situations (such as heart disease, high blood pressure, cancer, diabetes, or lung disease) appear to develop serious and critical illness more often than others.

Are antibiotics effective in preventing or treating the COVID-19?

No. Antibiotics do not work against these viruses, they only work on bacterial germs and infections. COVID-19 virus is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics should not be used as a means of treatment or prevention of the COVID-19 virus. They should only be used as operated by a physician to treat bacterial germs and infections.

Are there any medicines or therapies that can prevent or cure COVID-19

While some traditional, home, or western remedies may supply comfort and alleviate indications of the COVID-19 virus, there is no proof that current medicine can stop or cure the disease. We do not Advice for self-medication with any other medicines, including antibiotics, as a cure or prevention for the COVID-19 virus. However, there are several ongoing clinical trials and tests that include both western and traditional medicines. We will continue to provide up to date information as soon as clinical findings are available.

Is there a vaccine drug or treatment for COVID-19

Not right now. To date, there is no vaccine and no specific antiviral medicine to stop or treat the COVID-2019 virus. However, those affected should receive care to relieve symptoms and indications. People with serious and critical illnesses should be hospitalized. Most of the patients recover thanks to supportive care of hospitals and other authorities.

Possible vaccines and some particular drug treatments are under exploration. They are being Tested out by clinical trials.

The most and effective ways to protect yourself and all love ones against the COVID-19 virus is to frequently and carefully clean your hands, cover or hide your cough with the tissue or bend of the elbow, and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from another person and group of people who are coughing or sneezing at the same time

Is COVID-19 the same as SARS?

No. The virus that causes the COVID-19 virus and the one that reason the outbreak of serious or serve Acute Respiratory Syndrome and problems (SARS) in 2003 is related or connected to each other genetically, but the diseases they cause are a little bit different. 

SARS was more deadly but much less infectious than the COVID-19 virus. There have been no outbreaks of SARS anywhere around the world since 2003.

Should I wear mask to protect myself

Only wear a mask if you are unwell with the COVID-19 virus symptoms and indication (especially coughing) or looking after someone who may have COVID-19.virus Disposable face mask can only be used once time. If you are not unwell or looking after someone who is unwell then you are wasting a face mask. There is a world-wide lack of masks, so We request the public to use masks wisely.

We recommend rational use of medical face masks to avoid unnecessary wastage of valuable resources and misuse of face masks The most effective ways to protect yourself and your love once against the COVID-19 virus are too frequently clean and wash your hands, cover your cough and mouth with the bend of elbow or tissue and make a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from People and public who are sneezing.or coughing

How to put on use take off and dispose of a mask?

  1. always Remember, a mask should only be used by health staff and worker, caretakers,
    and individuals with respiratory indications and symptoms, such as cough and fever.
  2. Before touching the face mask, clean and wash hands carefully with a soap and alcohol-based
    water or hand rub
  3. Take the face mask and inspect it for holes or tears.
  4. Orient which side is the top side (where the solid metal strip is).
  5. Make sure the proper side of the face mask faces outwards (the
    coloured side).
  6. wear the mask on your face and cough. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of
    the face mask so it moulds to the shape and size of your nose.
  7. Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your your
    chin and mouth.
  8. After usege of mask , take off the mask; remove the elastic loops from
    at the back of ears while keeping the mask away from your
    clothes and face, to avoid touching potentially contaminated and pollute surfaces
    of the mask.
  9. Dispose or Discard of the mask in a closed bin Instantly after use.
  10. Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub and soap or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.

How long is the incubation period for COVID-19?

The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus
and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of
the incubation duration for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most
commonly around five days. These estimates will be updated as more
data become available.

Can humans become infected with the COVID-19 from an animal source?

Corona viruses are a big family of viruses that are common and general in animals. Sometimes, people get infected with these viruses which may then spread to other people and the public. For example, SARS-CoV was associated with MERS-CoV and civet cats are transmitted by dromedary camels. Possible animal sources of the COVID-19 virus have not yet been confirmed.

To protect yourself and other people and the public, such as when visiting live animal markets, avoid direct contact and nearby public places with animals and surfaces in contact with animals. make sure of good food safety and make hygiene area practices at all times. Handle milk, animal organs, or raw meat handle very carefully to avoid contamination of uncooked foods and avoid consuming undercooked or raw animal products and other animal items.

Can I catch COVID-19 from my pet?

While there has been one example of a dog being infected in Hong Kong, to date, there is no evidence or proof that a dog, cat, or any pet can transmit the COVID-19 virus. The COVID-19 is mainly spread through droplets produced and shared when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. To protect yourself and your loved once, clean and wash your hands regularly and thoroughly.

We continue to monitor the up to date research and information on this and other the COVID-19 virus topics and will update as new findings are available.

How long does the virus survive on surfaces?

It is not certain how long the virus that causes the COVID-19 virus survives on any surfaces, but it seems to act like other corona viruses. Studies suggest that corona viruses (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a some few hours or up to several days. This may vary under different conditions or situations (e.g. type of temperature, humidity of the environment or surface). 

If you think a surface may be infected from virus or germs , clean and wash it with a simple disinfectant to kill or finish the virus and protect yourself and other people . wash them with soap and water or. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub  nose.

Is it safe to receive a package from any area where COVID-19 has been reported?

Yes. The likelihood of an infected person or people contaminating commercial goods is low and the risk of catching and getting the virus that causes COVID-19 virus from a package that has been moved, traveled, and exposed to different temperatures and conditions is also low.

Is there anything I should not do?

The following measures ARE NOT effective against COVID-2019 and can be harmful and dangerous :

  • Smoking
  • Using and wearing multiple masks
  • Taking antibiotics (Read Question no.10 “Are there any other vaccine or medicines of
    therapies that can cure or stop the COVID-19 virus?”)

In any case or situation, if you have a cough, fever, and difficulty in breathing seek medical care earlyto reduce the risk and chance of developing a more serious infection, and be sure to share your all recent history of travel with your health care provider and facilities.